On February 6, 2019, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced that 2018 was the fourth hottest year on record. In fact, the previous five years have been the hottest years on record since the data has been recorded since 1880. In total, since 1880, the earth’s surface temperature has risen by 2 degrees Fahrenheit. This may not seem like a big change, but in reality, it is changing our world. So this leads to the question, does global warming exist?
Since 1880, there have been numerous advances that have taken the world to another level. There is also a greater population on the planet presently than there was in 1880. In fact, there are nearly 6 billion more people on earth now than there was in 1880. With more factories in the world, more people on the road, and more fossil fuels being consumed, there should be consequences that would impact the people.
What is not often discussed is what happens to the animals and the environment. Sea levels are rising due to glaciers melting. This causes floods to be more common which can cause havoc to land and to those that live there. Since glaciers are melting, animals who live on the glaciers are left without a home.
Humans have produced so much excess waste that it is now beginning to affect the lives of the people. Factories that produce goods for the people release gases that are harmful to the atmosphere. These gases are called Greenhouse Gases. The level of Greenhouse Gases in the atmosphere is higher now than anytime in the previous 80,000 years.
Evidence shows that global warming exists because of how much the planet has changed since 1880, when data was first being recorded. With all of the data present, it is sure to make people wonder what will happen in the near future. Day by day, more and more animals and people are suffering, as well as the environment. We need to make better decisions if we want the planet to be in good shape for our children and generations to come. Whether it is lifestyle or travelling, anything that can be done to help the environment should be done for the greater good of humanity.
Reporter: Myles Witte
School is what keeps most of students occupied. We spend up to 7 hours in school being educated on different topics, but we aren’t taught about other topics such as mental health. In elementary school kids are taught about changes that occur in our body as we get older, but mental health isn’t part of the curriculum.
Statistics show that 1 in 5 teens aged 14 to 24 suffer from a mental health illness. Only a third of those teenagers are getting the proper help and resources needed. Some students may not know that they are experiencing a mental illness because they've never been taught the warning signs to look out for. The lack of knowledge later on leads to questions which can’t always be answered.
As of 2018, anxiety is the most common mental illness in the U.S. that is affecting up to 40 million adults starting at the age of eighteen. Only 36% of those suffering with anxiety receive the proper treatment. That is only one example, but there are other disorders that remain untreated as well. The government and school districts spend thousands of dollars designing curriculum for students of all ages yet fail to address the growing epidemic of mental illnesses in the United States today.
Reporter: Gisselle Suarez
Global warming. It’s a long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth’s climate system. This phenomenon is correlated with the greenhouse effect which occurs when the sun’s warmth is trapped in earth’s lower atmosphere. This is predicted to have numerous effects on earth and the oceans as well as ice caps in the poles.
In my opinion, global warming is inevitable. Today’s the potential for it happening has increased and it keeps increasing. As one human in a world of 7.7 billion I see that not enough people are noticing the signs as well as the possible effects that it has on the planet.
Global warming will basically turn mother nature against us and I couldn’t blame her. Ice caps will melt and raise sea levels affecting the Eastern Seaboard. The increase in heat will also cause early snowmelt as well as droughts. The extreme weather conditions will cause a disturbance for animals in there natural habitats. There is potential for an increase in allergies, asthma, and infectious disease outbreaks due to increased growth in pollen-producing ragweed, pollution, pathogens and mosquitos. Said effects will continue and increase if we humans don’t pay attention to what we do to our planet.
Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent, wrote about global warming in her news piece published on February 26, 2019, Evidence for man-made global warming hits ‘gold standard’:scientists. It says, “evidence for global warming reached the five sigma level by 2005 in two of three sets of satellite data widely used by researchers, and in 2016 in the third”. “sigma” is a statistical term that measures how much a process varies from perfection, based on the number of defects per million units. Keep in mind this research was conducted in earlier years. Doyle also says, “The last four years have been the hottest since records began in the 19th century”.
Global warming isn’t a hard concept to acknowledge so that means people are just ignoring it like it couldn’t happen any time soon. A mentality as such is selfish regarding the future inhabitants of this planet. That includes your future family...
Reporter: Makai Walker
On the 24th of February, the 2019 Oscars premiered on ABC. Stars such as Lady Gaga, Bradley Cooper, Queen, Rami Malek, Julia Roberts, and Emma Stone all attended the event. The Oscars were opened up with Queen and Adam Lambert performing classic songs such as We Are the Champions and We Will Rock You.
Soon after, the awards were announced. The most notable awards received were by Rami Malek from Bohemian Rhapsody for best actor, Olivia Colman from The Favorite for best actress, and The Greenbook for best picture. Furthermore, the best actor in a supporting role award was received by Mahershala Ali for The Greenbook and the best actress in a supporting role was received by Regina King in If Beale Street Could Talk. Along with this, a performance of Shallow from A Star is Born was performed by Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper which brought the night to the end. Overall, there were many first time Oscar winners and a lot of happy faces in the crowd that night.
Reporter: Cosette Terriquez
Daily, plastic water cups are provided to students during nutrition and lunch for the convenience and luxury of the students to stay hydrated. Even though there are water fountains and refillable water stations, the water cups are still put into place. It is estimated that by the year 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans.
The thing about plastic is that it is super durable and long lasting which is a reason it is used worldwide but those are also the same reasons it is so harmful to our environment. The durability makes it impossible to decompose, normally taking plastic bags up to 10,000 years In landfills and water bottles taking up to 450 years to decompose. But most of that garbage and plastic will end up in our oceans washed up ashore, in rivers and in our food chain.
The cafeteria staff at our school provides at least 500 water cups daily and 100 plastic straws or more. According to Greenpeace, only 9 percent of the plastic in the world gets recycled. Americans use 500 million plastic straws every single day. The fact that our school contributes to the pollution in the oceans is disgusting when it can easily be prevented.
Small pieces of plastic are eaten by fish, turtles and seabirds, often resulting in their death. Animals and birds can also become tangled up in plastic debris, leading to serious injuries and fatalities
To lessen your impact on the environment reduce your use of plastic by shopping with reusable grocery bags, using reusable silverware and straws, carrying reusable water bottles, and recycling whenever possible. Be aware of our planet the next time you pick up a plastic water cup because there is no planet b.
Reporter: Claudia Arce
The United States government has been shut down since midnight of Saturday the 22nd of December 2018. This has been the longest recorded time that the government has ever been shut down. The reason for this shutdown is due to a disagreement. Our president, Donald J. Trump and Democratic Congress have not decided on whether or not to fund the U.S.-Mexico border wall. The Democratic Party is a no go for the wall as opposed to Trump’s yes.
So far Trump has pinned the all the fault on the Democratic Party. Workers have been furloughed for over three weeks now. No matter who’s fault it is, we are definitely in the midst of a crisis. I could not imagine not being paid over such an infantile dispute.
People have literally missed rent payments as #ShutdownStories fills social media pages to prove so. I understand that Trump must fill his promises regarding his candidacy but that does not make him just in shutting down the government. That does not allow him to force federal workers to struggle in effort to pay rent or go into bank accounts with money saved up for emergencies when such an ordeal could be settled in a whole different manner.
Now I'm not too invested in the world of politics but I do know that the furloughing of federal workers could have been avoided if the funding of the wall had been passed. This would be the best way to go because the wall would not be finished by the end of Trump’s term.
As of right now after all Trump has gotten himself into, I do not believe that he will be re-elected. Thus, the funding can be cut by the next president and we lose money as opposed to having workers either not work or work without pay until we(democrats) agree to fund the wall. The repercussions for this were not properly weighed out on both sides of the argument. As for the shutdown, it occurred in a hasty decision as would be expected of President Donald J. Trump.
Reporter: Makai Walker
After hearing arguments what category cheerleading falls into, as in sport or not, I came to a conclusion that cheerleading is absolutely a sport. Cheerleading meets all of the athletic specification, but because the primary purpose of cheerleading is to support schools’ athletic teams, competition comes second. In other words, cheer is more than a sport.
When asked about her opinion on why cheer is a “sport,” Natalie Hutchinson, a senior and cheerleader at Estancia High school, stated that people who claim it is not a sport, “...probably haven’t taken into consideration comp[etition] season, which takes up majority of the time. Comp[etition] team, also at Estancia, travels to local and out of state competitions to compete against other teams with stunting, jumps, dance, and (sometimes) tumbling.” Recently, cheer has been signed to classify competition cheer as a California Interscholastic Federation (CIF) sport beginning of the 2017-2018 school year.
A sport is defined as an increase in breathing and heart rate, the ability and capacity acquired through effort to smoothly and adaptively carryout complex activities, effective and efficient combined action from a group of people, and the action of providing amusement or enjoyment. For practice, cheerleaders are required to frequently exercise and go over cheers or performances which all involve physical activity. Along with learning new cheers, dance routines, and being spirit-full, all involve skill in order to fulfill their performances. It also takes a certain skill level to flip multiple times, stick the landing, and then immediately do it again; jump multiple times, doing different variations, and land perfectly. On top of their stamina, strength, and commitment, they add excellent choreography and yell through the majority of it. Not only that, but cheerleaders must work together to stay in the right count, lift a flyer about 10 feet in the air, sometimes throw the flyer in the air, and catch her without her falling to the ground and getting hurt.
Senior and cheerleader at Estancia High, Micaiah Patterson exclaims, “We sweat, we bleed, we win, and we lose; The only difference between us and any other sport, is we look good while doing it! So is cheer really a sport? Sure you could say that, but to me we are more than just a sport.”
Reporter: Guadalupe Olivares
Each year, hundreds of thousands of wild animals around the world are killed for their heads, hides, pelts and other body parts. This is known as trophy hunting which has been around for decades first popular amongst presidents, kings, wealthy sportsmen, few women and nowadays even doctors, dentists, and accountants who can afford it partake in this activity as well.
In 2015, a lion named Cecil who was a major attraction of the Hwange National Park and also part of a long term study by a research team of the University of Oxford, was cruelly murdered by Walter Palmer, an American dentist. The death of the loveable lion shed light on trophy hunting and sparked international outrage.
The Safari Club International (SCI) holds a convention every year for hunters. The convention occupies 650,000 square feet of exhibit space. SCI members go to book hunts, shop for the latest guns, and hunting equipment. A succesful 14 day hunt for a rhino costs $66,790 including trophy fees, the smallest of a hunt which is 5 days in New Zealand for an elk will cost $24,000.
Hunters argue that their activities actually support conservation by boosting local economies and “providing incentives for the preservation of land and wildlife for high-paying hunters.” According to the article, Exclusive: Hard Numbers Reveal Scale of America’s Trophy-Hunting Habit written by Rachael Bale, many Conservationists, animal welfare advocates, and many scientists argue that hunting for sport in fact puts pressure on vulnerable populations, disrupts social networks, and doesn’t pump money into local economies as much as hunters believe.
Sabrina Corgetelli, a self titled, “Italian Huntress” and accountant posts numerous photos of herself on her social media with her trophy kills. On a particular kill of a giraffe she exclaims, “Day #2 I got an amazing old giraffe. Such an amazing animal!!!!! I couldn’t be happier.” After receiving backlash from animal rights activists she defended her posts by saying, “There is a connection to the animal, and just because we hunt them doesn't mean we don't have respect for them.”
While trophy hunting is legal in many countries the hunting and killing of innocent animals remains a very controversial action.
According to The Humane Society of the United States, 1.26 million wildlife trophies were imported to the United States between the years 2014 and 2015. That averages 126,000 a year and 345 trophy imports a day. Over 1,200 species are hunted and killed as trophies including Africa’s Big 5 which include buffalo, elephants, leopards, lions and rhinos. And only 9 states have banned the sale of ivory to protect elephants from hunting and poaching.
On January 12, in Pan Pacific Park , LA there will be a rally held to protest trophy hunting. Show support for those vulnerable and endangered species by coming along. Bring a friend and be a part of the change.
Reporter: Claudia Arce
In the 21st century people use clothes as a representation of who they are. In school we are restricted on what we wear. School dress code was brought upon so that what the students were wearing would not distract another student based on what they are wearing, which is understandable. But it seems that the school dress code has become controversial.
As a teenage girl school dress code has tremendously affected me because I have to make sure what I’m wearing is appropriate to wear to school, I have, on several occasions, chosen an outfit, verified my outfit with my mother and gone to school just to be told I was showing an inch of midriff and my shoulders were not covered. Lizzy Martinez, a high school student at Braden River High School in Orlando, Florida got a sunburn on her back and her bra was causing her pain. She decided not to wear a bra and wore a large shirt so as not to draw attention to her chest. She later was called out of class to meet with her Dean and Principal who, after making her explain why she did not have a bra on, explained that her nipples were showing and were distracting to the boys. She was then told to put an undershirt on. After she complied, she was then told to put bandaids on her nipples. Martinez said, “No one said a thing to me until I got to the Dean’s office.”
Girls are told to dress appropriately in order not to “distract” their students but why shouldn’t the students be told to control themselves? In school, students are told they’re “being trained for the real world.” In the real world people are wearing WHATEVER they want and there is no dress code in the real world, so why shouldn’t the students be taught how to control themselves and get rid of the dress code?
If schools are preparing their students for the real world, than we shouldn’t have school dress codes because like I stated in my last paragraph, the real world has no dress code. An unnamed writer at the Times Colonist says, “Part of an education is learning what is appropriate and what is not as you make your way in the world, and that includes how to dress. There is still a place for dress codes in schools. But those codes should be fair, sensible and as gender-neutral as possible, which has not always been the case.” I agree with this statement. Part of an education is learning what is appropriate and what is not but I don’t agree that it means we should keep the dress code. Like I said before we should teach the students what is appropriate behavior when you see someone wearing clothes that are showing more than they should rather than just telling students to change because the boys cannot focus or pay attention. I don’t think I have ever distracted a student in class. I have time and time again been dress coded for silly reasons, such as spaghetti strap tank tops which only show as much as shoulder.
All in all, dress codes should not be imposed but taken away and students should be taught how to act, rather than making a girl change for expressing herself. And I only say “her” because it is very rare that you hear a boy be told what he’s wearing is not appropriate for the time being, other than being told to take their hats off in class. High school students are figuring out who they are in life and their clothing choice is a representation of that. By telling a female student to change her outfit is like asking her to stop expressing herself -and that’s not fair for female students.
Reporter: Nessa Osso
Animals have been enduring years of pain and suffering for the tastebuds of humans. People could argue that eating meat is part of the food “chain” but if so why does the process have to be so brutal? There is scientific evidence that shows that animal products cause health issues in humans and cause diseases. There are also very harmful environmental issues that are being magnified by “factory” farming and rainforest deforestation from smaller farms. If you do not care much for the welfare of the animals you must care for your health and the planet.
I was vegan for almost two years and my energy and weight was the best it had ever been. A vegan diet consists of only plants and completely cutting out meat, fish, eggs, dairy, and honey. This was difficult to adapt to, but once it became a habit it became easier. I found the right replacements for what I ate before, new recipes, and started to actually look at what I was putting into my body. My doctor told me that my blood pressure had decreased. I felt better physically and mentally after about a month. I recently gave up on the diet and went back to eating meat and other animal products. My reason for coming to a halt on this journey was my busy schedule. I would have to pack every meal or eat when I was out which was difficult because most food available had some sort or animal product. After going back I have gained weight, have less energy, and cholesterol levels have increased. I understand both the meat eater’s side and the vegan/vegetarian side.
The factory farming industry is ruthless on the treatment of their animals. Their goal as a business is to make as much money as possible. This results in cruel practices like animals remaining conscious when they’re dunked into scalding-hot water for the defeathering and hair removal tanks or while their bodies are being skinned or cut apart in order to speed up the production line. In, “A Change of Heart about Animals,” by Jeremy Rifkin, studies show that the animals living is compact cages,” crave affection and are easily depressed if isolated or denied playtime with each other.” Not only do these animals have strong emotions but they also are very smart. Jeremy Rifkin also showed research for a Gorilla named Koko. Koko, “was taught sign language and has mastered more than 1,000, signs and understands several thousand English words,” which shows that animals are more similar to us than we thought.
Animals should be given better treatment by humans because they have similar emotions to us. Would you treat your pet the same way countless animals are treated in the industry? Would you lock them in cages all day, feed them hormones, hurt them in order for them to do what you want, or eat them? These are questions to ask yourself because the only difference is we have a relationship with our pets. We desensitize ourselves and don’t usually think about the backstory of the food on our plate. If we are going to breed animals for our own agenda shouldn’t they be given a better life before they are slaughtered. The killing of the animal should be the worst the creature had to endure but it isn’t. These animals seem to be seen as property rather than creatures that we share the planet with. Yes, animals are not humans but they should still be treated with more respect.
It is a running debate if meat should be consumed by humans. Early humans ate meat in order to evolve because of the high amount of protein and energy. At the time hunting was needed in order to survive their difficult situation. In the article, “Why Meat, Fish, and Dairy Harm”, it states that meat is the cause of heart disease, stroke, arthritis, cancer, breast cancer, and obesity. The reason for all these causes is the cholesterol, saturated fat, and hormones meat contains. Not only is meat unhealthy, but our bodies have a hard time digesting it and chewing it. Our intestines are not long enough for meat to pass through easily and out teeth are not able to cut through hard flesh. That is why tools have always been used by humans to kill animals. Our teeth and systems are more similar to monkeys and apes which consist of plants. If a person is worried about their protein consumption or their amount of B-12 intake, there are many other resources. Beans, nuts, and most vegetables carry both of these nutrients.
The space needed for livestock results in many trees needing to be cut down and emissions from the factories. A huge portion of the amazon being cut down was for cattle grazing. Along with deforestation the amount of water needed for one pound of beef is 1,799 gallons of water, not including the copious amounts of feed. The amount of food used to feed livestock could be going to starving children in third world countries. A vegetarian diet helps reduce the chance of a heart attack, can increase your lifespan up to 6 to 9 years longer, and helps consume less hormones and carbon monoxide.
You don’t have to stop eating meat, cold turkey. A good thing to do would be to consume less meat as much as possible and to vote with your dollar. Without the consumer the companies would not be able to survive. Try to consume less and to vote with your dollar. If we ignore the problem, the welfare of animals and the planet will keep going South.
Contributing Writer: Mia Komarnicki